Lockdown 2.0: Mumbai airport invokes force majeure over revenue sharing

The country’s two most significant non-public airports, in Delhi and Mumbai, are getting distinctive routes to search for a waiver from profits payment to the Airports Authority of India (AAI) as the nationwide lockdown carries on.

Whilst GVK group-owned Mumbai Intercontinental Airport Ltd (MIAL) has invoked the force majeure clause to suspend payment for the April-June period of time, GMR’s Delhi Intercontinental Airport Ltd (DIAL) has opened a dialogue with the AAI for the very same. A MIAL spokesperson did not answer to a question on the issue.

The AAI has not however agreed to give a waiver and has as a substitute asked the two entities to defer the payment by three months. “We took legal viewpoint from the Solicitor Typical of India and have made a decision to defer their payment for April-June. But as of now, we have not agreed to a force majeure occasion and haven’t provided any waiver,” reported a senior AAI official.

DIAL and MIAL beneath concession agreements with the AAI, signed throughout the privatisation method in 2006, have to pay out portion of their profits to the authority.

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DIAL pays 45.ninety nine for every cent and MIAL 38.seven for every cent of its profits as expenses to the AAI. This types the bulk of the AAI’s profits, making it one of the several successful general public sector units in the nation. A complete waiver, reported AAI officers, would force the authority to maximize its exterior borrowings.

The change in viewpoint signifies the difficulty Indian companies are established to face to invoke force majeure towards their legal responsibility, specifically to government entities. “Force majeure is not an Indian regulation thought and for that reason corporates are struggling with massive liabilities on account of disruption induced by Covid-19. This could direct to a prolonged-drawn litigation,” Mohit Saraf, senior lover at regulation firm Luthra & Luthra, reported.

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Resources informed of the advancement reported DIAL had made a decision towards invoking the force majeure clause as it desired to stay away from a legal route, which could perhaps land in arbitration.

In its place DIAL, resources reported, could approach the Airport Economic Regulatory Authority (AERA) for an maximize in airport prices to enable regulate the losses induced by the coronavirus outbreak and the subsequent lockdown. The AERA has the mandate to deal with airport tariff for a period of time of 5 a long time and is in the method of fixing tariff for 2019-23.


“We have been making representations to the government for various guidance evaluate to help sustenance throughout this crunch period of time. Over-all visitors bought terribly impacted in Q1 and will consider time to recuperate. We hope really serious effect in FY21,” a DIAL spokesperson reported.

Amongst the aid actions sought by DIAL are a waiver on profits share, money tax and a sanction of grant which will protect fastened cost of the airport.

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The extension of the lockdown, stretching the no-flight period of time to forty times, has grounded not just the airways but also the airports. Big airports like Delhi and Mumbai are staring at a steep forty-sixty for every cent tumble in passenger quantity this financial yr.

Senior executives of airport operators reported a bilateral negotiation, instead than invoking the force majeure clause, was a considerably safer way to search for a waiver. “Invoking force majeure will also imply that the other occasion has the ideal to terminate the deal as the airport operator is in essence indicating it can’t honour the deal signed throughout the reported period of time,” reported an executive.

“The profits shortfall owing to the dip in air visitors could be trued up for all the airports on account of the regulatory character of the sector. With a tariff purchase however to be launched for all airports, the effect of the very same can be factored in and altered in the tariff for the subsequent manage period of time,” famous Vishal Kotecha, affiliate director at India Scores.