When the UPA govt rolled out Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Assurance Act (MGNREGA) Scheme, it was the lower-profile math professor from Vaishali in Bihar, Raghuvansh Prasad Singh, as Rural Affairs Minister who applied the flagship programme. Now that MGNREGA and its urban counterpart is becoming progressively mentioned as aspect of the economic relief specially to the urban poor and the migrants, Singh advised BusinessLine in an job interview that any govt plan is as only helpful as the group participation. And participatory governance is not a hallmark of the existing dispensation. Excerpts:
The Government now seeks to tackle the migrant employees disaster by means of MGNREGS would you say it is a stage in the ideal direction.
We established MGNREGA as a need-pushed plan which was rolled out strictly by means of the Gram Sabhas and the Panchayati Raj technique which made a decision on the beneficiaries. The functions less than MGNREGA this kind of as building irrigation programs or any other infrastructure utilised to be made a decision by the 3-tier panchayats. The existing Government is instrumental in demolishing this technique. The Gram Sabhas have vanished. The bureaucracy and the govt officers are functioning it now. Afsarshahi (bureaucracy) operates MGNGREA, it is no more the Scheme that was helpful and simply because of which the strengthen in rural need in 2008 assisted India combat international recession. This has been the pure corollary of gatherings in the six a long time since Key Minister Narendra Modi described MGNREGA as the residing monument of UPA government’s failure. If the PM considered it was a fraudulent Scheme and experienced a thing much better in head to give work as a ideal to the rural poor, then he need to have shelved MGNREGA and worked genuinely for what he considered would deliver. But the Centre crippled the Scheme, demolished Panchayati Raj establishments, the Gram Sabhas and the infrastructure that was the basis for the achievement of MGNREGA but continue to ongoing to channel income into it. The web outcome is that from a folks-pushed, group-motivated national programme, it has passed on to the palms of a handful of bureaucrats like any other badly-applied govt plan.
Now, right after about 50 days of lockdown, the Finance Minister has out of the blue started out talking about MGNREGA. But if the Centre proceeds to implement it by means of district magistrates and other bureaucrats, it will continue being ineffective. The achievement and efficacy of MGNREGA was the folks-centric and group-centric establishments it established and worked on. The existing govt has an inherently undemocratic and major-hefty solution to governance. They never believe in session, thanks method and group participation and seem to be to have an aversion in direction of participatory democracy and governance. I suspect around-centralisation and reliance and bureaucracy without the need of broader session and group participation is the cause for the failure of their grand pronouncements like Make in India. MGNREGA was a large stage in direction of eradicating poverty by ending unemployment. Employment for all is the initial stage in direction of making certain roti, kapda, makan, padhai aur dawai (food, apparel, shelter, instruction and wellness). Folks are completely ready to do the job. So it is the obligation of a Government to give do the job. So we passed MGNREGA in Parliament and this Government just ruined that Scheme. In the existing context when a catastrophic celebration has occurred in normal people’s lives and specialists are chatting about boosting not just MGNREGA, raising do the job days from 100 to two hundred but also a MGNREGA-like programme for the urban poor, this govt is squarely to be blamed for demolishing an establishment that experienced already been established and practical.
So you’re indicating that a centralised technique of governance with an around-reliance on bureaucracy has changed participatory and consultative procedures?
Totally. They have no credible establishments performing and no collaborative spirit in govt programs. That is why most of their schemes continue being on paper. There are senior, seasoned directors and folks who have expertise in dealing with the community in the Opposition, but it is likely beneath them to consult with anybody. For the initial a single thirty day period when the country was going through a disaster and thousands and thousands of lives had been becoming destroyed, some magic methods had been becoming played by lights lamps and clanging vessels. The Key Minister need to take governance and administration seriously. The achievement of Kerala govt in tackling the Covid-19 disaster by means of the Panchayati Raj establishments is testimony to how a pandemic, or any calamity of this scale for that make any difference, can only be fought by means of a bottoms-up, group-participation solution. The 5 significant pillars of the Panchayati Raj technique namely recognition generation, people’s participation, rigid vigilance, checking and finally, transparency and accountability are key to building an inclusive technique where the Government’s interface with the folks is in the control of the folks. The bureaucracy is kept on its toes.
The FM’s direction of furnishing migrant employees work by means of MGNREGA could entail farm do the job, what are your views?
Agriculture do the job need to be created aspect of the MGNREGA. This will be a assist not just for the migrant employees but for the farmers as well. Governments may perhaps take a modest share of share from farmers for permitting MGNREGA employees to do the job in their farms. This stage will create huge work possibilities. Farmers can solution panchayats or Gram Sabhas for employees and employees can also solution them for do the job. As the do the job is true, monitory or social accountability will also be true. Government can subsidise the farm labour value as well like fertilisers, energy and other farm subsidies. This will increase efficiency. It will outcome in an alliance involving employees and farmers. Staff will get do the job at their villages. This alliance of employees and peasants will prevent afsarshahi and when once more strengthen the Panchayati Raj technique.